On the occasion of the escalating trade friction between China and the United States, the United States has taken two measures to combat foreign telecommunications companies within one day. On May 15, US President Donald Trump signed an executive order to declare "national emergency" and granted government and institutions the power to ban the use of foreign communication network equipment and services. This is widely regarded as a communication company for Huawei and ZTE in China. .
Trump has signed an executive order called "Protection of Information and Communication Technology and Service Supply Chains". According to the International Emergency Economic Power Act and other laws, the threat of foreign rival companies to US information and communication technology is declared "National "Emergency" gives the Secretary of Commerce the power to veto transactions involving foreign ICTs or services.
White House spokesman Sanders said, "The US President has made it clear that the government will make every effort to keep the United States safe and prosperous and protect the United States from foreign rivals. These opponents are actively and increasingly Create and utilize the vulnerabilities of US information and communication technology infrastructure and services."
Subsequently, the US Department of Commerce said in another announcement that Huawei and its subsidiaries should be included in the list of entities of the US Department of Industry and Security under the Ministry of Commerce. Companies or individuals in the entity list must obtain a license from the US Department of Commerce. You can buy American technology. "If the sales or technology transfer to the company is found to be detrimental to US national security or foreign policy interests, the US Department of Commerce will refuse to issue a license."
According to the announcement, according to the evidence held by the US Department of Commerce, Huawei has participated in actions that violate US security or diplomatic interests, including the activities alleged in the US Department of Justice’s indictment against Huawei, providing illegal financial services to Iran and related to Iran. Obstruction of justice and so on.
The US Department of Commerce issued a notice in this executive order stating that it will make decisions based on cross-departmental consultations with the Minister of Justice, the Secretary of the Treasury, the Secretary of State, the Minister of State, the Secretary of Homeland Security, the Trade Representative, the Director of National Intelligence, and the Chairman of the Federal Communications Commission. The Ministry of Commerce will issue regulations within 150 days to establish procedures for evaluating such transactions. The Ministry of Commerce also needs to report to the President within one year whether the measures taken are sufficient to mitigate the risks identified in the administrative order.
US Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross said that Huawei, the "China's largest telecommunications equipment manufacturer," was included in the list of entities, "using US technology in ways that would prevent foreign companies from undermining US security or foreign policy interests."
In response, on May 15, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Geng Shuang said that this is an unscrupulous attempt by the United States to deliberately discredit and suppress specific Chinese enterprises. "It is disgraceful and unfair. Their motives are clear," and urged the United States to stop Security issues have suppressed Chinese companies and provided a fair environment for Chinese companies to operate in the United States.
Due to US concerns about national security, Huawei's operations in the United States are very limited. At the same time, Huawei is currently facing multiple accusations in the United States. At the end of January, the US Department of Justice accused Huawei and its subsidiaries of alleged violations of US sanctions against Iran, bank and telecommunications fraud, and interference with judicial justice, and 13 criminal charges in the Federal District Court in the Eastern District of New York; on Huawei suspected to be from US telecommunications company T -Mobile steals secrets and filed 10 charges in federal court in the Western District of Washington State. Huawei has defended the above allegations in court and pleaded not guilty.